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) is one of the "Five Families" that dominate organized crime activities in New York City, United States, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra).
The group, which went through three bosses between 19, is named after Carlo Gambino, boss of the family at the time of the Mc Clellan hearings in 1963, when the structure of organized crime first gained public attention.
By 1920, D'Aquila's only significant rival was Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria.
Masseria had taken over the Morello family interests, and by the mid-1920s, had begun to amass power and influence to rival that of D'Aquila.
As other gangs formed in New York, they acknowledged Morello as their boss of bosses.
In 1906, D'Aquila's name first appeared on police records for running a confidence scam.
The group's operations extend from New York and the eastern seaboard to California.
With their leadership gone, the two Camorra gangs disappeared and D'Aquila and the Schiro family in Brooklyn took over many of their rackets in Brooklyn.D'Aquila quickly used his ties to other Mafia leaders in the United States to create a network of influence and connections and was soon a powerful force in New York.By 1910, more Italian gangs had formed in New York City.Its most prominent member during this time was its underboss Albert Anastasia, who rose to infamy as the operating head of the underworld's enforcement arm, Murder, Inc. was smashed in the late 1940s, and took over his family in 1951—by all accounts, after murdering the family's founder Vincent Mangano.The rise began in 1957 of what was the most powerful crime family in America for a time, when Anastasia was assassinated while sitting in a barber chair at the Park Sheraton Hotel in Manhattan.